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Matanzas (Cuba : Province). Junta Provincial de Patronato | Collaborative Archive from the African Diaspora

Name: Matanzas (Cuba : Province). Junta Provincial de Patronato

Historical Note: The Junta Provincial de Patronato de Matanzas was created in 1880 when the law of patronato was passed in Spain. The patronato system represented a legal strategy to gradually abolish slavery in Cuba through an "apprenticeship" process. The patronato was the mechanism established to oversee the transformation of slave owners (masters) into patronos and of slaves into patrocinados. "It represented an intermediate stage between slavery and freedom during which former slaves would owe labor to their former masters, but would receive a token wage in return" ("Gradual Abolition and the Dynamics of Slave Emancipation in Cuba, 1868-86," by Rebecca J. Scott. Hispanic American Historical Review, Vol. 63, No. 3 [Aug. 1983], p. 457). The Junta functioned as a provincial entity and, with the civil governor, oversaw the local juntas in municipalities and cities.

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